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Published on 28 December 2015

REGIONAL CLIMATE CHANGES AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS OF ABKHAZIA

Y.A. Yekba, R.S. Dbar, A.K. Akhsalba

In recent decades climate changes due to various factors, including emissions of greenhouse gases, are unprecedented. During the period of regional warming (1993-2014) the average annual temperature in Abkhazia reached (18ºC) at normal (14,5ºS), most significantly compared with the normal summer temperatures rose by 2,2ºC, winter temperatures did not change. The rise of the surface layer temperature leads to the increase of the annual and seasonal precipitation. At the same time during the growing season more than 47% of annual precipitation falls on the coast, but they can’t adequately moisten the soil, due to the short-term nature of the rain falling. In this connection, a lot of annual crops (especially vegetables) are suffering from drought. At the same time, intense showers with total daily precipitation over 120 mm lead to river floods and intensification of slope processes.

City
CountryAbkhazia
UDC551.508.2
Issue2015, № 4(26)
Key wordsclimate change, surface air temperature, precipitation, soil moisture, atmospheric drought, slope processes, environmental safety
Number of views (2025)

Categories: Articles, Geo-ecological,-Recreational-and-Biomedical-Issues-of-SDMT

Tags: экологическая безопасность, изменение климата, температура приземного слоя воздуха, атмосферные осадки, увлажнение почвы, атмосферная засуха, склоновые процессы

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ISSN 1998-4502 (Print)                                                            ISSN 2499-975Х (Online)