Published on 28 June 2016
The territory of the Chechen Republic is one of the oldest oil producing centers in the country and in the world, where oil fields are confined to marginal basins and intermountain basins of the Tersko-Sunzhenskaya upland and Chernogorskaya Monocline. In this work is noted that the intensive long-term development of the oil industry in the foothill areas, creation and operation of numerous oil facilities have led to a massive impact on the environment, transformation of natural landscapes in natural and man-made and man-made ones. Oil Industry Complex of the Chechen Republic has been formed in mountain and foothill areas for almost two centuries, which has led to the formation of a broad range and internally heterogeneous area’s impact of the oil economy on the surrounding natural systems. Moreover, oil production in the Chechen Republic was accompanied by profound changes in the structure of the mountain landscape which contributed to soil deformation, layers displacement, the growth of landslides and earthquakes. Physical and geographical features of oil and gas fields’ development in the Chechen Republic, as a whole, and in the aspect of development and impact of oil industry production are expressed in a complex differentiation of mountain landscapes, in contrast of physical and geographical units of high rank, which is associated with the position of the region at the crossroads of different tectonic formations and faults. It is shown that large oil deposits on the territory of the republic are located in close proximity to the active zones of tectonic faults, where morphostructural conditions have a crucial role in the stability occurrence and development conditions of oil. Schematic map of the main areas of oil and gas fields in the Chechen Republic is compiled. The basic stages of development of the oil complex of the Chechen Republic and features of its impact on the natural environment and landscapes are identified. A table of dynamics of the oil complex development and features of its impact on the environment and landscapes is compiled, where the main areas (regions) of the Chechen Republic which are a subject to anthropogenic impact are identified.
Categories: Articles, Geo-ecological,-Recreational-and-Biomedical-Issues-of-SDMT
Tags: горный регион, Нефтегазовые месторождения, разработка нефтяных месторождений, динамика природно-антропогенных ландшафтов.
ISSN 1998-4502 (Print) ISSN 2499-975Х (Online)