Published on 28 June 2016
Summarizes data of various eco-geographical studies in the river basins which allows a comparative analysis of the individual areas of the Azerbaijani part of the Greater Caucasus. These data made it possible to assess the river basin in terms of the impact of geodynamic processes on the intensity of surface runoff, the composition of the outputted material caused by morpho climatic factors, nature of soil and vegetable cover and the spreading breeds and morphometric indicators reflected in character of a river drain. Data show that many rivers of north-eastern and southern slopes of the Greater Caucasus (Gusarchay, Gudialchay, Velvelichay, Talachay, Kurhumchay, Kishchay, Dashagilchay, Turianchay, Goychay, etc.) differ by large quantities of sediment load module. Many factors with high washout rate from the surface of the southern slope of the Greater Caucasus mountain range refer to natural factors contributing to the development of denudation processes. In the formation of mudflows and soil flushing the huge role also belongs to anthropogenic factors, and primarily to agisted stock that causes the destruction of the soil covering. Revealed features of water erosion show that the current state of the soil and vegetation of mountain watersheds requires urgent measures to combat water erosion and increase water regulating capacity of river basins. This becomes more relevant in terms of improving the sectoral structure of the economy, development of tourism in the mountainous areas of Azerbaijan, as indicated by many researchers. At first glance the situation does not look very catastrophic, but it is necessary to consider that in the coming years active development of economic activities with the involvement of a large number of labor force, creation of new settlements and the expansion of existing ones is planned which can complicate the humanitarian situation in the mountainous areas of Azerbaijan in the event of natural and man-made disasters.
Categories: Articles, Geo-ecological,-Recreational-and-Biomedical-Issues-of-SDMT
Tags: фактор, реки, селевые потоки, растительность, склон, эрозия, денудация, почвенный покров, породы, материал
ISSN 1998-4502 (Print) ISSN 2499-975Х (Online)