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Published on 26 September 2016

GEOENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS OF WATER INTAKE POLLUTION IN THE SETTLEMENTS OF THE REPUBLIC OF NORTH OSSETIA-ALANIA IN THE AREA OF THE PASSIVE ACTIVITY OF MINING

Alborov I.D., Tedeeva F.G., Gridnev E.A., Vadim Hasdan

Resultsof researches of technical and sanitary and ecological condition of water intakes of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania are given in the article. Practically research has covered all the territory of the republic. In the article the detailed characteristic of the reasons and consequences of violation of the modes of water use in case of operation borehole and the piping of water intakes is given. In addition, as a resultof detailed studying of operation borehole and the piping of water intakes the basic reasons which have led to bacteriological and toxicological pollution of the water pumped to the settlements of Alagirsky district from the water intake “Youzhny” which have negatively affected state of health of local population are established. The analysis of the results received in case of field surveys has allowed to estimate an overall picture of condition of water intakes in the territory of the republic. At the same time authors note that the established reasons of pollution of water intakes are characteristic not only of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, but also of other subjects of the region that in addition confirms relevance of the considered problem. Examples of the actual deviations of the mode of operation of the zones of sanitary protection peculiar to the most part of water intakes and the piping of constructions are given. The special attention is paid to recommendations for possible technical solutions which can provide safe operation of water intake constructions and provide high quality of the extracted drinking water, for providing the population of a number of areas of the republic. Need to bring within the shortest time condition of water intakes into full compliance with the requirements of the existing water and sanitary and epidemiologic legislation of the Russian Federation is highlighted. The provided data can be useful to ecologists-researchers, operators, designers, specialists of services of water utility.
CityVladikavkaz, Beersheba
CountryRussia, Israel
UDC556.388.2
Issue2016, № 3(Т.8)
Key wordswater intake, borehole water intake, piping, zone of sanitary protection, chemical analysis, bacteriological analysis, health regulations.
Number of views (1319)

Categories: Articles, Geo-ecological,-Recreational-and-Biomedical-Issues-of-SDMT

Tags: водозабор, скважинный водозабор, каптаж, зона санитарной охраны, химический анализ, бактериологический анализ, санитарные правила.

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ISSN 1998-4502 (Print)                                                            ISSN 2499-975Х (Online)