Published on 23 January 2017
Analysis is based on the statement of the fact of a weak level of economic development of the Republic of Dagestan (low level of industrial production, predominance of small business patterns in agricultural sector, a significant backlog from other regions of Russia in terms of gross regional product per capita) associated with inefficient use of mountain territories, which share in the total area of the republic is 44 % (the global measure is 22 %). The author has set the task of determining the most common economic problems of mountain territories of the Republic of Dagestan, identify critical components of the economic potential of the mountain territories on the basis of factor analysis, and solution of tasks set by the Declaration “the Future we want” adopted at Rio de Janeiro in 2012, according to the formulation of government measures for sustainable development of mountain territories. Mountain territories of the Republic of Dagestan are included in the territorial area “Mountainous Dagestan”, which are located in 30 municipalities (total number – 42). The population of mountain territories was approximately 950 thousand people on January 1, 2016 (about 32% of the total population). A complex of measures on development of mountain territories has been adopted in the Republic of Dagestan, in particular, state program “Socio-economic development of mountain territories of Dagestan Republic in 2014–2018”. The author has also conducted a factor analysis of the realization of economic potential of mountain territories. So, the area of land resources per head of population in mountain areas is 3.9 hectares per person, while in the whole country is 1.7 ha/person. Entrepreneurial skills of the population and an institutional factor, which involves the use of positive aspects of traditional institutions and methods of regulation of economic relations are highlighted as the most important components of the economic potential of mountain territories. The author proposed a new organizational model for promoting entrepreneurial activities of economic entities of mountain territories through the creation of Centers of economic (or sustainable) development in territorial and economic zones. They are designed to coordinate the activities of various governmental and private organizations, banking and public institutions regarding the promotion of entrepreneurship, development of programmes of economic growth and business projects for households and other businesses of mountain territories.
Categories: Articles, Geo-ecological,-Recreational-and-Biomedical-Issues-of-SDMT
Tags: горные территории, устойчивое развитие, экономический потенциал, стратегия развития, пофакторный анализ, институты развития, стимулирование предпринимательской деятельности, центр экономического (устойчивого) развития, экономическая зона.
ISSN 1998-4502 (Print) ISSN 2499-975Х (Online)