New practices of life, which meet the characteristics of an up-to-date modernization were revealed during the field works, conducted in various regions of the North Caucasus. Local population begins to actively use the Internet, banking services, family relationships also evolve innovations, changing roles of women in family and society. All this is happening alongside with intensifying religious identity, often contrasting with the innovations and entering the conflicts and contradictions. At the stage of data fusion and work synthesis, the processes of modernization can be considered in three aspects: innovation, development and adaptation. According to the results of field works, interviews and surveys, modernization penetrates into many spheres of life. The most important of them are: 1) new forms of economy management (tourism, new forms of land use, etc); 2) power supply; 3) migration of population; 4) banking sphere; 5) information technologies; 6) education; 7) family and marital relationships; 8) safety. Not all the examples refer to modernization, many of them reflect common changes in economy and way of life. The boundaries between these changes and modernization processes are rather vague. Generalization of data, gained during the field works, shows, that the main participants of modernization are: the government (implementation of innovations, realization of projects and development programmes), business class (conductor of innovation technologies) and local communities, which respond to new changes through borrowing and adaptation. Unlike foreign mountain regions, local process of modernization involves relatively small part of public organizations (which are similar to nongovernmental organizations abroad).Their functions are extremely important for forging relationships between the government, business and the local community, which are currently characterized by sharp contradictions in the implementation of projects and programmes for development and innovations. The most significant changes are connected with use of resources, energy and information. Despite the constant legislative activity from the government, changes in real legal and institutional conditions and practices proceed much more slowly. A large segment of resource use and life-sustaining activity is regulated by informal and traditional rules, while new laws and regulations often interfere with life and local communities, for that reason the new informal rules and networks are being developed.
|City||Moscow, Grozny, Vladikavkaz, Nalchik|
|Issue||2016, № 4(Т.8)|
|Key words||modernization, innovation, development, adaptation.|