Published on 03 July 2017
Institutional-oriented analysis of development issues emphasizes the existence or absence of binding rules that influence the relationship between nature and man, between different nature users, or between the state and local communities. Institutions play a crucial role in sustainable development, regulating existing and emerging contradictions and conflict of interest. As studies in the North Caucasus showed, in addition to the formal rules expressed in official laws and regulations, informal institutions, including traditional ones, are quite widespread. However, recent data on the North Caucasus continues to show high levels of violence, high unemployment, dependence on financial subsidies, and a state relying on arbitrary executive power rather than legitimate institutional rule, which leaves voids sometimes filled by local societal institutions. This unlikely to be conductive for successful sustainable development. Attempts by the federal center to stimulate the development of the North Caucasus regions through development programs are largely aimed at achieving loyalty of the local elite and preventing violent conflicts between different groups. The volume and nature of the implementation of federal funds significantly exceed the institutional capacity of the North Caucasian polities to process these resources in a transparent, accountable and effective way. Despite the obvious positive results in the field of supporting material well-being and physical security, little has been done to turn development in the regions into a self-reliant process. Implemented programs are aimed at obtaining quick shortterm effects, without laying the foundations for sustainable long-term development. The programs largely ignore the already existing features and scale of the local economy, primarily small and medium-sized businesses, which widely use local relations and institutions. Large projects have pushed back local entrepreneurs, in some cases causing social tension. The changes caused by the implementation of development programs would be most effective when existing legitimate and problem-solving societal institutions are taken into account and are connected to state-sponsored development efforts in a meaningful way.
Categories: Articles, Geo-ecological,-Recreational-and-Biomedical-Issues-of-SDMT
Tags: горные территории, устойчивое развитие, институты, конфликт, Северный Кавказ.
ISSN 1998-4502 (Print) ISSN 2499-975Х (Online)