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Published on 05 July 2018

DESIGN OF NAVIGATION SYSTEM AND SOFTWARE OF UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLES FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF MOUNTAIN TERRITORIES

B. D. Khastsaev, M. P. Maslakov, Y. F. Shevrikuko

The article deals with the problem of sustainable development of mountain areas on the basis of automated monitoring of inaccessible mountain areas using unmanned aerial vehicles (UMAV), the properties of which depend significantly on the characteristics of the navigation system (NS) and software (SW). The methodological base of the research carried out in the scope of the article includes the theory of circuits and classical methods of analysis of linear electronic circuits, mathematical apparatus of signal analysis in the frequency domain, error theory, etc. The novelty of the article is mainly determined by a significant improvement in the quality of monitoring and elimination of the shortcomings of the known UMAV and the fact that it proposes the design of a navigation system with new functionality and SW with improved characteristics. In this regard, the main results of the article are related to the creation of a special inertial navigation system (INS) and special SW. An important advantage of the latter is to ensure high reliability of monitoring of remote mountain landscapes, which is highly appreciated by experts on sustainable development of mountain areas. The article also considers the whole set of tasks to be solved on the basis of UMAV in order to ensure sustainable development of mountain areas. The success of solving these problems is significantly increased by using the developed INS and SW, as they allow processing and analysis of data (information) in real time, the results of which are displayed for visualization (displayed as graphics of acceleration, speed and movement, and UMAV models in three-dimensional space). The important features of the developed SW also include: the possibility of real-time spectral analysis of signals, which is based on the algorithm of fast Fourier transform; analysis of the normal distribution and dispersion of the data; providing  research characteristics of the complementary filter, Kalman filter and composite filter based on them. In General, the developed SW is a universal tool for the analysis of the ins with the ability to be developed and optimized as necessary. Moreover, the use of UMAV with developed INS and SW is expected to significantly increase the reliability of information on hard-to-reach areas of mountain territories. The main conclusion of the article is the possibility of wide and effective use of INS and SW for solving the problems of sustainable development of mountain mountain territories. 

CityVladikavkaz
CountryRussia
UDC004.042
Issue2018, № 2 (Т.10)
Key wordssustainable development, monitoring of mountain areas, unmanned aerial vehicle, inertial navigation system, satellite navigation system, software, data collection, data processing.
Number of views (573)

Categories: Articles, Technical-and-Technological-Issues-of-SDMT

Tags: устойчивое развитие, обработка данных, мониторинг горных территорий, беспилотный летательный аппарат, инерциальная навигационная система, спутниковая навигационная система, программное обеспечение, сбор информации

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ISSN 1998-4502 (Print)                                                            ISSN 2499-975Х (Online)