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Published on 23 February 2019


A. Giyasov, Z.R. Tuskaeva, I.V. Giyasova

Purpose. In order to develop the architectural typology of the residential buildings and their planning organization for the development territories, the analysis of the problem of the sustainable development of mountainous territories, taking into account the uniqueness of the natural and ecological landscape of the built-up areas in the difficult territories, the specific climatic features due to local conditions of the landscape was carried out. The article deals with the features of designing and improving the volume-planning structure of cities and residential buildings in the complex territories, taking into account the orographic features of the structure and climatic conditions of the area. The problem of the mountain region development for the purpose of planning structure of the inhabited formations and settlements considering the local climatic features is studied. In the practice of complex areas urban development, there is a significant gap in the field of the urban environmental studies in terms of the comfortable eco-environment for cities and settlements formation, characterized by a complex orographic situation, causing specific local climatic conditions. Methods. The study area of the complex topography with morphological, microclimatic and bioclimatic positions with the identification of the urban maneuverability of the relief situation, updated, expanded and refined is shaped in the framework of the design procedure . On this basis, the method of organization of spatial and architecturalplanning structure of cities, settlements and buildings was carried out. Results. Based on the study of domestic and foreign experience in the design and construction of buildings and buildings on complex terrains the problem of shaping the terrain to identify the areas of the potential construction were generalized and systematized. Using the method of background evaluation and method of assessment of local special climatic conditions formulated landforms for urban development elaborated by the authors. For the purpose of the sustainable development of mountain relief, taking into account the uniqueness of the natural and ecological landscape of built-up areas on difficult terrain, as well as the specificity of climatic features due to local landscape conditions, the existing architectural typology of residential buildings and their planning structure for development areas is systematized and refined. The methodological proposals for planning the spatial structure of urban development, design of housing and residential complexes, the method of layout in the landforms and relative to the slope were developed. The classification of the terrain according to the degree of complexity, as well as the materials of urban science, covering the features of the formation of the urban structures and construction of buildings in areas with complex terrain allowed to estimate the impact of complex terrain on the planning and design solutions of urban design. Conclusions. The developed methodological proposals for the planning – spatial structure design of residential buildings, housing design and residential complexes, the method of layout in the formation of the relief and the slope are scientific and practical skills for the sustainable development of mountain areas.

CityMoscow, Vladikavkaz, Tambov
Issue2018, № 4 (Т. 10)
Key wordsrelief, mountain relief, urban planning, sustainable development, planning, building, orography, morphology.
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Categories: Articles, Technical-and-Technological-Issues-of-SDMT

Tags: устойчивое развитие, рельеф, горный рельеф, градостроительство, планировка, застройка, орография, морфология

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ISSN 1998-4502 (Print)                                                            ISSN 2499-975Х (Online)