Published on 23 February 2019
At the present stage of development of mining systems as a result of long-term exploitation of gold ore deposits in the Urals, there is a reduction in the volume of reproduction of the resource base, a decrease in the qualitative characteristics of mined ores, the complication of geomechanical conditions, expressed in the increase in the intensity of manifestations of mountain pressure in a dynamic form, the rise in the cost of production, the complication of the environmental situation and social problems in the developed mining region. At the same time on the final stage of development of balance reserves have significant undeveloped, which can be effectively engaged in the use of natural and man-made reserves of different kind of security, barrier, carrier, and safety pillars, backfill areas, areas of collapse, the stocks at greater depths, in remote areas of the field. In addition, it was previously off-grade ore accumulated technogenic raw materials, completed the excavation and formed the mined-out area, man-made landscape. It is proved that the concept of field development at the final stages of operation should include the restructuring of reserves and compensation for the impact of negative factors in the refinement of the field through the introduction of resource-saving and energy-efficient geotechnologies. It is shown that the full disclosure of the potential of the resource base and ensuring the sustainable safe and harmonious development of the mining enterprise at the final stage of field operation are inextricably linked with the rational use of non-renewable natural and man-made sources of energy and the transition to the use of renewable sources.
Categories: Articles, Geo-ecological,-Recreational-and-Biomedical-Issues-of-SDMT
Tags: устойчивое развитие, горнотехническая система, подземная геотехнология, завершающая стадия, золоторудные месторождения
ISSN 1998-4502 (Print) ISSN 2499-975Х (Online)