Published on 21 April 2019
During the reformation period, technical solutions are relevant, allowing to increase the level of production profitability in the current difficult economic conditions. In due time, North Ossetia met the needs of Russia and the USSR in lead completely and in zinc by 2/3. Not having the opportunity to revive the former rates of the mineral production, North Ossetia is developing a new direction for its hydrocarbon production. The proposed solutions are based on the works of professor Ostroushko IA, who proved the presence of metals in the host mineral resources as a mineral base for the development of innovative technologies. The aim of the study is to substantiate the possibility of restoring the economic potential of the region through the diversification of technologies for the development of hydrocarbon deposits and a tool to achieve the goal is the extraction of metals from the rocks containing oil and gas. Metals, more than fifty kinds of metals, are dissolved in oil. The presence of metals in the host rocks was confirmed by the method of furrow testing of the workings. The possibility of leaching metals from intact metal-bearing rocks is confirmed by the practice, for example, of the Kakadur-Khanikomskoye field (RSO-A). This phenomenon can be used for leaching oil and gas containing natural and man-made geological and man-made structures after the extraction of hydrocarbons from them. Using only the traditional oil production technology does not ensure the competitiveness of field exploitation and needs technological diversification, which consists of the production of a new commercial product - metals extracted from the walls of the voids formed by the extraction of hydrocarbons by leaching. The resulting value-added product increases the profitability and competitiveness of the main production. The mineral base of diversified production increases almost unlimited. The advantages of the method are its cost-effectiveness and the possibility of developing reserves that are inaccessible for traditional technology. The diversification option involves the extraction of oil and reagent leaching of metals in two stages. As oil is extracted, voids are formed, the collapse of the walls of which increases the permeability of the reagents into the micro cracks of the excavation walls rocks during leaching. The economic concept of diversifying the development of oil and gas fields is to combine the processes of obtaining the main and additional commercial products.
Tags: рентабельность, выщелачивание металлов, экономика., диверсификация технологий, нефть и газ, добавленная стоимость
ISSN 1998-4502 (Print) ISSN 2499-975Х (Online)