Published on 30 July 2019
The aim of the study is to construct a formation model of target environmental program to reduce the negative impact of the road transportation sector within the territory. The reasoning of prevalent approaches to environmental management and present system’s limitations and shortcomings has allowed to identify the perspective directions of its development. The research method is based on the theoretical and experimental explorations of patterns of pollutants emissions from mobile sources engines. The authors created the mathematical model of air pollution process during the transport work performance which mostly eliminates the gaps of existing approaches. On its basis the algorithm and method of calculation of pollutants masses emitted by motor vehicles were developed. Using the method and capabilities of modern technologies will allow forming the system of actual emissions assessment within the territory. Results. The formulated method of pollutants calculation emitted by motor vehicles is the basis of transportation sector model of the territory. Successive approximations of its variables which include environmental protection measures realization for environmental benchmark of transition to sustainable development allow constituting the variety of modifications for the transportation sector model. The transition to respective options can be achieved within target environmental program where the selection of appropriate version implements by using of optimization criteria. As a result, the most acceptable version of the transportation sector model for the transition to the environmentally sustainable development can be identified on the basis of such procedures. Conclusion. Using the proposed model of transportation sector development (environmental aspect) permits to compare the variety of alternatives to achieve the strategic function, i.e. environmental sustainability. Adequate assessment of the proposed model parameters will allow making effective long-term plans for the development of industries, infrastructure and territories. The simulation results may indicate the need for a significant increase in the maximum permissible load, reducing the number of the most environmentally unfriendly cars, etc. In case of impossibility of implementation of the target ecological program at present in the conditions of admissible resource expenses the model can serve as approach to justification of need of territorial ecological and economic strategy formation.
Tags: горные территории, управление, анализ, автотранспорт, методология, выбросы.
ISSN 1998-4502 (Print) ISSN 2499-975Х (Online)