Published on 30 July 2019
The significant factor hindering the viticulture development in the foothill and mountainous areas of the Republic of Dagestan is the lack of the corresponding machinery complex. Generally, in the region the pace and scale of progress in this direction are still lagging behind. Transfer of the grape cultivation at the foothill is associated with significant costs for its planting in the area and mechanization of labor-intensive processes. This circumstance allows to characterize the current state of affairs in the creation of new modern technical means and technologies for the grape cultivation in the foothill and mountainous areas of the region, the tendencies of its change and areas of improvement. The purpose of the study is the analysis of problems and prerequisites for optimizing the foothill land use in the region, making changes in the grape cultivation on the slopes, developing the bridge unit for planting and care for the vine located in the foothill area with a steepness from 15 to 25° In order to reduce the negative impact of the above factors, we consider it possible to make changes in the technology of growing grapes on the slopes. The determining condition for the creation and sustainable development of the viticulture industry is the diversified range of new machines. There remains a need to focus on the selection of grape varieties, taking into account the compliance of their biological characteristics with the climatic conditions of the region. The implementation of this goal is achieved by using the developed bridge unit, which contains two propulsion devices (of a tractor) on the frame of which rotary platforms, formed from two halves: the rotating upper half and the lower half rigidly connected with the vertical mounts have been placed, while in the space formed by the four guide brackets mounted on the upper half of the rotating platform with the ability to move along its horizontal axis the supporting transverse beam pivotally connected with the bracket and springs has been mounted. The use of the foothill and mountainous areas requires solving the problems of preserving the surface layer of the soil and preventing erosion processes, as well as the ability to comply with the technological requirements of planting and care for industrial vineyards while ensuring the high level of mechanization of labor-intensive processes. Solution of these problems is possible on the basis of the development of new technical means and modern technologies for the development of slopes for vineyards, taking into account their steepness.
Tags: виноград, предгорно-горная местность, агрегат, посадка, уход, Республика Дагестан.
ISSN 1998-4502 (Print) ISSN 2499-975Х (Online)