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Published on 26 October 2019

CULTURE AND DEVELOPMENT OF MOUNTAIN TERRITORIES: UNIQUE MODEL OF RUSSIAN OLD BELIVERS “BELOVODYE”

Yu. P. Badenkov

The purpose of this article is: 1) to show that the economy is neither the only nor the dominant factor in the sustainable mountain development; 2) consider the integration of the cultural needs of society with the goals of sustainable development; 3) describe the history of the occurrence (17th – 18th centuries) of the Old Believer’s SMD ethno-cultural model Belovodye and its relevance for the SMD Agenda of modern Russia. Methods of researches: analytical review of literary sources The article contains 3 key blocks: 1) Introduction - the issue of the integration of culture  and the relevance of this issue to the mountain regions of Russia; 2) a brief overview of the history of the ROC schism in the 17th century, the emergence of two Russian sub-ethnic groups - the New (Nikonians) and Old Believers, as the basis for the emergence of a SMD  model “Belovodye”; 3) specific examples of the history and features of the development of Old Believer communities in Altai and the Far East. The “Belovodye” model is a unique example of the SMD strategy, where ethno-cultural traditions and work ethics (affairs) are the main drivers of development. Its vitality and attractiveness in the 21st century is confirmed by numerous examples from the life of the Old Believer’s Russian diaspora in the most diverse natural and cultural landscapes of Russia and the world - Altai, Sikhote-Alin, Transbaikalia, North and South America. Such a model of life and management in the mountains is organic to the nature of the mountains. It is based  on effective local management of local resources. The success of the SMD of the territory and the community is possible if there is a “political will” of the State that supports, through legal, economic and investment mechanisms, such a development model. In conclusion, the author poses the following questions: • How relevant and is there a future for the Old Believer model of “Belovodye” in the mountains of Russia? • Is the process of convergence of the preserved culture of the Russian subethnos of the Old Believers possible with a complex picture of a changing world - the world of numbers, modernization, artificial intelligence, climate change, etc.? • In what format can a powerful layer of Old Believer culture be integrated into the modern Russian SMD Agenda?

CityMoscow
CountryRussia
UDC531.8
Issue2019, № 3 (T. 11)
Key wordssustainable development, mountainous territories, culture, Old Believers, Belovodye, Altai, Far East
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Categories: Articles

Tags: горные территории, устойчивое развитие, культура, Алтай, Дальний Восток, староверы, Беловодье

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ISSN 1998-4502 (Print)                                                            ISSN 2499-975Х (Online)