Published on 01 February 2020
The aim of the study is to assess the bioclimatic conditions in the territory of the Kodar national park and to identify periods that are comfortable for organizing sightseeing and extreme tourism and other active types of recreation. Research methods: Based on the methods for assessing the thermal comfort of the climate, bioclimatic indicators were calculated which are indirect indicators reflecting the conditions for the implementation of tourist and recreational activities. Effective temperature, equivalent-effective temperature and Bodman weather severity index were used as the main indicators. With the use of the ArcGIS software complex, a geographic information model of the study area was created, a spatial analysis of the distribution of the calculated indicators by heights was carried out, and maps of their distribution over the territory were constructed. Research results: The analysis of the obtained values of effective and equivalent-effective temperatures made it possible to determine the main features of the bio-climate for different periods of the year. It was established that the main feature of the climate is its low comfort throughout the year and the seasonality of the distribution of values. Short conditionally favorable summer period, short periods of sub-comfort in autumn and spring and a long winter period of cold discomfort were revealed. The interpretation of the obtained values of indicators was carried out on the basis of thermal sensitivity criteria. Throughout the year, the performance of effective temperatures do not reach the optimum. The authors propose a regional scale of thermal sensitivity. The range of values (from –12 °C to +12 °C), which is suitable for the development of extreme tourism and other active forms of recreation. Thus, a comfortable season for outdoor activities in the Kodar national park is a period from may to mid-October. Analysis of the spatial distribution of bio-climate indicators showed that the most comfortable conditions are limited to altitudes from 550 to 1100 m and orographic boundaries of the Verkhnecharskaya basin, the basin of Lake Nichatka and the valley of the Kuanda River. Bodman index calculations confirmed that severe uncomfortable conditions are observed from November to March. Mitigation of the severity of the weather occurs in May. Special attention is paid to the analysis of opportunities for the development of tourism in the national park. It is proved that, despite the extreme natural conditions, the territory of the Kodar national park is promising for the development of active tourism, including «tourism in the North» or «winter tourism».
Tags: туризм, биометеорологические индексы, комфортность территории, национальный парк, Забайкальский край.
ISSN 1998-4502 (Print) ISSN 2499-975Х (Online)