Published on 01 February 2020
Purpose: analysis of changes in the industry structure of Jewish Autonomous Oblast at the present stage of its development based on using of its natural resource potential. Methods of researches: systematic approach, historical and geographical that were used to carry out retrospective analysis of the regional economy development, as well as the main stages of land use development in the region were identified; statistical analysis. Results of researches: The development of the region is reflected through the formation of various types of land use on the territory. Analysis of the land use development reveals the fact that the natural resource potential has always been one of the leading factors in the development of the south of the Far East of Russia, and in particular in the current territory of Jewish Autonomous Oblast (JAO). Soil and mineral resources were already the most demanded in the early stages of regional development. The natural resources of the mountain landscapes of the region were involved in the economy simultaneously with the ones in lowlands. Gold and forest resources were the most significant. Mineral resources of the JAO are various and numerous. The deposits of more than 20 types of minerals were explored in here including large deposits of iron ore, manganese, tin, gold, graphite, brucite, magnesite, zeolites, constructing materials, etc. In terms of number of deposits and occurrences, as well as concentration of minerals the JAO is one of the richest territories of Russia. During the pre-reform period and from the USSR collapse until the 2010s the JAO was different in industrial structure of the economy compared with other eastern regions of Russia. It was characterized by the predominance of manufacturing industry. Then services of public administration and social services took leading positions in the structure of the GRP. The mining industry focused on the extraction of iron ore, brucite, limestone, tin, magnesite, graphite and gold is getting main in the modern industry of the JAO. Conclusions: Due to the current implementation of large investment projects in the mining industry and transport infrastructure the JAO’s environmental management is acquiring classic features of resource-oriented regions. They include increasing the contrast of space development, improvement of the road net of the region that is oriented now on links with Asian countries.
Tags: промышленность, горный регион, Еврейская автономная область, добыча полезных ископаемых, природно-ресурсный потенциал, региональное развитие.
ISSN 1998-4502 (Print) ISSN 2499-975Х (Online)