Published on 01 February 2020
Research objective – to reveal dependence of techno-sphere objects of the Siberian Federal District (SFD) from the complex emergency situations (ES) of natural and man-made of a mountain part of the SFD. For realization of the purpose the following problems were solved: 1. To reveal dependence of techno-sphere objects of the SFD from complex emergencies of natural character. 2. To reveal dependence of techno-sphere objects of the SFD from complex emergencies of man-made character. 3. To make the rating of subjects of the SFD on vulnerability from complex emergencies of natural and man-made character.
Research methods: in the work methods of the risks forecast emergence of multiple-factor and complex emergencies of natural and man-made character taking into account climatic features of regions of the country on the example of the SFD were used. In the article the assessment primary (temperature, wind, rainfall) and the secondary factors causing emergence of complex emergencies of natural and man-made character in a mountain part of the Siberian Federal District (SFD) is carried out. Extent of influence of these factors on subjects of the SFD is established and the gradation of indicators on the level of influence of each factor is carried out. As a result of the conducted research the following conclusions were formulated: 1. The SFD shares two geographical zones: mountain and flat. Each of zones differs in physiographic conditions and levels of natural and man-made danger. Levels of danger are formed by a combination of primary and secondary factors in various territories. 2. Primary (temperature, rainfall, wind) natural sources of emergency are the defining factors of formation of natural emergency situations in the territory of the SFD, at the same time the combination of primary and secondary sources forms complex natural and natural and man-made emergencies. 3. On the basis of the obtained data it is possible to carry out comparison of resistance of mountain and flat parts of the SFD to primary and secondary factors of emergence of emergency. According to the obtained data the air temperature, fire hazard, flood danger, ice jams on the rivers, avalanche danger, torrential danger, landslide hazard have the greatest impact on a mountain part of the SFD. According to the total indicator including all above-stated indicators in the sum, a mountain part of the SFD has the greatest indicators of total natural danger. 4. The wear of the equipment is also the important factor promoting accidents in a techno-sphere in territories of a mountain part of the SFD. Subjects of a mountain part of the SFD have indicators of influence of wear of the equipment above, than on a flat part of the district.
Tags: горные территории, устойчивое развитие, Сибирский Федеральный округ, комплексные чрезвычайные ситуации, факторы возникновения чрезвычайных ситуаций.
ISSN 1998-4502 (Print) ISSN 2499-975Х (Online)