Published on 25 April 2020
Introduction. Roads, as large linear engineering structures in mountainous conditions must meet aesthetic requirements. The mountain landscape is created by nature and the road, as an anthropogenic element is wedged into this natural gift, sometimes negatively affecting the surrounding mountain landscape. In order to preserve for future generations the aesthetic properties of picturesqueness and integrity of the mountain landscape, it is necessary to rationally place the road as a linear transport structure, taking into account the best disclosure of the features of the mountain landscape. Purpose of research. Development of landscape design and aesthetic appearance of roads in mountainous conditions. Method of research. The research was based on the works of domestic and foreign scientists, who reveal the problems of landscape design of roads in mountain conditions, analysis and monitoring of construction of mountain roads in the conditions of RSO-Alania and RSO. Conclusion 1. Compliance with aesthetic and design requirements for road design conditions increases safe driving conditions and, consequently, reduces accidents and injuries. 2. The lack of scientific and technical support in the design, construction and operation of the mountain road leads to a weakening of requirements for aesthetics and design, which negatively affects the development of tourism and the economy of the region as a whole.
Tags: горный рельеф, ландшафт, дизайн, эстетика, дорога, серпантин, подпорная стена, откосы.
ISSN 1998-4502 (Print) ISSN 2499-975Х (Online)