Published on 25 April 2020
Bioclimatic constituent of natural recreational potential of the territory defines comfortability of perception and welfare of a human. Aim of this work is definition of potential positive and negative impacts of different climatic factors and their dynamics in piedmont areas of the Ukrainian Carpathians, important recreational region of our country. Bioclimatic constituent of natural recreational potential is evaluated from comfortability of climate for healthy human body and life activity point of view. Materials and methods of research. The work is based on the results of modeling of mean daily values of air temperature, wind speed and relative humidity by RCP4.5 scenario (RCP4.5 – Representative Concentration Pathways; pathway of change of greenhouse gases emission concentrations for its average level) from 2021 to 2050 year and data of Climatic Cadastre of Ukraine (1961 –1990) on three stations of piedmont areas of Carpathians. Research results and discussion. There has been fulfilled research of possible bioclimatic potential of the Ukrainian Carpathians and trends of its dynamics till 2050 subject to development of RCP4.5 climate change scenario. Evaluation of bioclimatic peculiarities of this area has been done due to complex indices characterizing thermal state of human: equivalent-effective temperature, indices of severity of climate (Bodman index, coerced temperature, face skin temperature, conditional temperature) and indices of continentality of climate. There has been done analyses of potential anomalies of mean perennial climatic characteristics according to the norm. Conclusion. The complex bioclimatic indices will allow to form new conditions and opportunities for improving quality of life and safety of human. Equivalent-effective temperature in piedmont of the Ukrainian Carpathians in average annually will raise relatively to climatic norm, and in Transcarpathia it will decrease. Though during warm period of the year is mainly expected to be increased in the whole area, which will lead to improvement of recreational conditions and may attract more holiday-makers. Comfortable conditions (moderate warm and warm) here are possible from April to October with maximum in summer season. Values of expected bioclimatic indices in average during winter will stay in the same limits as norm, though their anomalies can be both negative and positive. Thus, in this scenario of climatic changes there is no forecast of substantial deterioration of winter recreational activity conditions. The results of research may be used for developing of strategy and plans for adaptation for climate change on both national and regional levels.
Tags: изменение климата, природно-рекреационный потенциал, комплексные биоклиматические показатели.
ISSN 1998-4502 (Print) ISSN 2499-975Х (Online)