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Published on 16 October 2020

ANALYSIS AND EVALUATION OF FORMATION SCHEMES OF A COMBINED ARTIFICIAL ARRAY FOR THE STORAGE-CHAMBER DEVELOPMENT SYSTEM

Allaberdin A. B., Mazhitov A. M., Pytalev I. A., Gavrishev S. E.

The aim of the study is to optimize technological solutions to reduce the cost of building a filling array, which remains one of the most pressing issues in the development of ore deposits by underground method. To achieve this goal, a comprehensive research method is used, which includes, first of all, a generalization and analysis of the practice of backfilling of enterprises, geotechnological design in relation to the storey-chamber development system and a feasibility study of optimization solutions at the level of expert assessment using the capabilities of engineering forecasting. Laying works with underground technology of mining of mineral deposits are the most costly, in connection with which research is carried out in order to develop ways to reduce the cost of repayment of the worked-out area. Through a systematic review and critical analysis of existing backfill technologies, the technical feasibility and economic feasibility of combining a hardening mixture and waste rock within a single repayable object has been identified, which provides a radical reduction in the proportion of hardening backfill. In the article offered to the reader’s attention, a variant of the combined array design and the technology of its formation are proposed. A variant of mechanization of the process of erection of the combined massif using specialized dump trucks is provided. This method of forming a combined filling mass allows reducing the volume of the hardening mixture in the total volume of the worked out space of the chambers by not a third. In connection with the complex mechanism of the formation of the combined filling massif, the work considers various options for the discharge of rock into the goaf, which differ in the number of points of discharge of the ingredients of filling materials into the goaf. Based on geotechnological design and mathematical modeling of the formation of a filling massif, it is certain that to increase the efficiency of filling the worked-out chamber space, two points of controlled rock discharge are necessary. The study identified ways to reduce the cost of controlling rock pressure in specific conditions by combining hardening mixture and waste rock for filling voids with a reduction in the proportion of hardening filling up to 50%. A variant of the combined massif construction with mechanization of the massif erection process using specialized dump trucks can significantly reduce the volume of the hardening mixture. 

CitySibay, Magnitogorsk
CountryRussia
UDC622.67
Issue2020, № 3 (Т. 12)
Key wordscombined bookmarking array, formation of bookmarking array, rock utilization, controlled discharge, cost reduction of bookmarking works.
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Categories: Articles

Tags: комбинированный закладочный массив, формирование закладочного массива, утилизация породы, управляемый сброс, снижение себестоимости закладочных работ.

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ISSN 1998-4502 (Print)                                                            ISSN 2499-975Х (Online)