Published on 16 October 2020
During the operation of the mine suspension monorail track and traction device form a mechanical system experiencing high dynamic loads associated with implementation of traction and braking forces. Emerging dynamic loads lead to formation of elastic deformations and oscillations that cause vibrations, which leads to displacement of drive wheels and reduces the implementation of traction. The study of the dynamics of traction device is an important step in improving safety and reliability of monorail transport. The aim of the work is to study dynamics of a friction-type traction device moving along a suspended monorail to assess influence of parameters of the elements of device on the vibrations and nature of interaction of drive wheels with monorail. Research methods. Mathematical modeling of the oscillatory processes resulting from interaction of the running gear of the traction device with the monorail is used. Stages of research include drawing up a design diagram oscillations of drive wheels of the traction device interacting with the monorail, developing a mathematical model for the analysis of vibrations caused by moving loads, also assessing the influence of structural parameters of mechanical system under consideration on nature of oscillations. Research results. The developed mathematical model of friction-type traction device movement allows us to establish relationship between parameters of structural elements of its running gear and pressure mechanism, as well as nature of vibrations that arise. As a result, frequencies of the mechanical system under consideration and maximum deviations were found, which allows you to set optimal device parameters to increase traction and increase lifespan of monorail suspended roads. Findings. It was determined that the frequency range of vibration of drive wheels mainly corresponds to the mid-frequency local vibrations of 16–36 Hz. Increasing length of lever for fixing axles of wheels and reducing their radius leads to formation of low-frequency vibrations with a frequency of less than 15 Hz. When length of lever of drive wheels is more than 0.5 m, shoulder of the spring is more than 0.6 m and radius of drive wheels is less than 0.25 m, vibrations with frequencies below 5 Hz can occur. It was found that increasing the length of lever for securing spring increases the oscillation frequency of one drive wheel and reduces frequency of the other. The difference between
these frequencies significantly affects changes in the pressure of the wheels against monorail. When difference between frequencies is more than 10–12 Hz, direction of load changes pulsed, with a maximum swing of 0.02 rad, which reduces formation of fatigue fractures of tire wheels, and moments of decrease and increase in pressing force have a negative effect on traction, leading to slippage of drive wheels. When difference between frequencies is less than 10–12 Hz, direction of the load changes sharply, with a maximum swing of 0.03 rad, which increases deformation and formation of fatigue fractures of tire wheels, and short moments of weakening and increase of pressing force, constituting 0.1–0.3 s does not have a significant negative effect on traction.
Tags: mathematical model, монорельс, тяговое устройство, приводное колесо, колебания.
ISSN 1998-4502 (Print) ISSN 2499-975Х (Online)