Published on 02 February 2021
The purpose of this work is to analyze the role of culture in the sustainable development of mountain areas in different regions and with different approaches to reflecting this topic of research in scientific publications. The analysis is based on two thematic issues of the journals Sustainable Development of Mountain Territories (SDMT) and Mountain Research and Development (MRD), which focus on the role of culture in mountains. The joint thematic issue was based on the task to reflect the contribution of cultural factors to the sustainable development of mountain areas, as well as the expansion of scientific exchange between communities speaking different languages. Last but not least, it was important to reflect the difference in approaches and methods of “visualization” of scientific thought in the West and in Russia, integration and contextualization of knowledge, which is crucial for ensuring sustainable development in the global aspect. In total, 13 articles were analyzed (4 in the SDMT and 9 in the MRD). The parameters for analysis and comparison were: thematic focuses of articles, regions covered, a set of keywords, goal formulation, concepts. 9 articles cover the mountains of Asia (Caucasus – 3, Himalayas – 2, Tibet and its eastern mountain frame – 2, Mountains of Siberia – 2), two articles each are devoted to the Alps and Andes. Comparison of the analysis of articles on the role of culture in the mountains, presented in the Russian and Swiss journals, showed both similarities in assessments of the role of culture in sustainable development and differences in approaches and depth of analysis of empirical data. The articles recognize the fundamental importance of culture for sustainable development in mountainous regions and preventing the destruction of mountain communities with unique environmental management systems. The initiative to jointly produce articles on such an important topic as the role of culture in the mountains contributes to global efforts to generate knowledge, demonstrating how to integrate the cultural component into development practice and policy. This is in line with the goals and objectives of UNESCO, in particular with efforts to develop indicators for the cultural dimension of development.
Tags: устойчивое развитие горных территорий, культура, культурный ландшафт, социальнокультурные факторы, институты.
ISSN 1998-4502 (Print) ISSN 2499-975Х (Online)