Published on 02 February 2021
Introduction. Roads, as linear engineering structures in mountainous conditions for the sake of traffic safety, should provide a smooth interface and their harmonious combination with the surrounding landscape with the use of longitudinal slopes and radii on curves that reduce accidents and injuries. Anthropogenic intervention on the mountain natural landscape, for the purpose of road construction, is not always safe, because weak soils come into dynamics and the functioning of the road is complicated. For this , it is necessary to conduct a spatial analysis and an integrated approach to the issue, covering all aspects of landscape design of the road to eliminate negative consequences. The essence of the question. The design of highways in mountainous areas without observing the landscape principles of safe operation and with less dynamic shifts of the roadbed leads to a violation of the relief forms, with the implementation of large volumes of earthworks necessary to ensure the projected slope. Research methods. In the process of writing the article, the following methods were used: analysis - in the search and analysis of literature on the subject; observation and comparison in the study and selection of the optimal option. Conclusions: 1. When designing highways in mountain landscapes, it is necessary to find a harmonious combination of the functioning of the road and the landscape itself. 2. A scientifically based analysis and correct choice of landscape design elements in the operation of the road will reduce the dynamics of slope phenomena, the number of accidents, the cost of road maintenance, which contribute to improving safety on mountain roads.
Tags: обвалы, горный рельеф, ландшафт, дизайн, эстетика, подпорная стена, динамика рельефа, функционирование ландшафта и дороги, откосы, динамика ландшафта, оползни.
ISSN 1998-4502 (Print) ISSN 2499-975Х (Online)