The article considers the organizational-economic peculiarities of the industrial cluster formation in the region, shows the main approaches and its operation efficiency estimation.
The article summarized the sociological studies conducted in the mountain region of the North Ossetia-Alania in October 2009; the selection bulk was 450 people. The poll on a theme ”Social-ecological situation in mountain areas of Republic Northern Ossetia-Alanija” has been spent in foothill and two mountain areas of republic (Digorsky, Alagirsky, Irafsky).
Because of the specific conditions inherent in mountain areas, the problem of sustainable development is more complex and ambiguous. Recently, the world's sustainable development in mountain areas receiving more attention from not only the scientific and public organizations, and government agencies.
In 2012 there will be 20 years anniversary of the UN Conference on environment and development in Rio de Janeiro at which the Agenda to the 21st century was adopted which included the problem of the sustainable development of the mountain territories for the first time in terms of the global development context (Chapter 13). It was a great success of the scientists and experts from the international mountain communities being anxious of the marginal social and economic situation, degradation of the biological and cultural heritage, the political instability of the world mountain region. This success was proved at the international mountain summit in Bishkek in 2002 which was marked as the international mountains year by UN.
The article is composed on the materials of the ethnological studies conducted in the North Caucasian Region in 2008. The selection bulk is 3500 respondents where 50% is autokhonic population and 50% Russians and Russian speaking people.
At present the majority of the Central Asia countries are characterized by: progressing degradation of ground resources (desertification, bogging, etc.), environmental contamination, reduction of woods and biodiversity, decline of economy, unemployment and poverty of an overwhelming part of the population especially in the mountain areas. As a result they have drug business, religious extremism, migration and social disintegration of local communities, etc. The Central Asia countries make huge efforts for an exit from the crisis, developing various mainly economic and as a rule, short-term strategies and programs. However in intermediate term and, especially in the long-term prospect the Nature can put to these strategy and programs very formidable barrier — the global climate change. The global climate change in mountain regions will lead to the disappearance of mountain glaciers and snow stores - the basic sources of water and, as a consequence, to very serious social, economic and political consequences in the Central-Asian region. In this article the author offers his vision in creation of the adequate adaptable mechanism for mitigating of negative consequences of a climate change in the mountain countries.
The paper justifies the need in not only strategic but also in tactical approach to dealing with the biodiversity conservation as a basis for the sustainable development of mountain regions. Experience of tactical approach to this issue is taken up by the example of Visimskiy Biosphere Reserve, representing the ecosystem diversity in the Middle Ural mountain-industrial region.
The analysis of characteristics of air movements, mode of a rain and slope phenomena at the Northern Caucasus shows that the mud dangers map completely repeats the picture of the rain loss in region. Therefore the opportunities rain regulation aircraft technology rain can be used for decrease the slop activity phenomena in the mountains and foothills. In the report the means for their maintenance, a complex of a ground-onboard control system and accommodation of the equipment by the plane are briefly described using the technology of the active influences on hydrometeorological processes. It is offered to carry out experiments of atmosphere clarification from products the volcanic activity.
In the article the questions of the negative influence of modern dangerous geomorphological processes (MDGP) within the limits of the Azerbaijan part of the Major Caucasus are considered. With the purpose of definition of a influence the degree of the MDGP on the human and economic infrastructure the classes of ecological danger and ecogeomorphological areas were determined. By the received results the structure of MDGP was revealed and analyzed as well as their estimation within the limits of all Major Caucasus is carried out.
The analysis and mathematical processing of the spectrumzonal space images of Earth surface at the Malka gold-bearing unit (MGU), placed in the mountainous part of the Kabarda-Balkar republic have been carried out. The result was a quantitative determination of the index of ore-produced landscape anomalies (IOPLA). Finally in the limits of MGU there were singled out 11 anomalies of IOPLA. Most of them coincided with aggregations of gold-bearing zones and deposits revealed by ground-based search works, carried out with use of the litho-geochemical search methods by secondary halos, mining and drilling works in 2007-2009 years. This allows to recommend such research for the preliminary inspection of the areas quality intended for putting on search works.
ISSN 1998-4502 (Print) ISSN 2499-975Х (Online)