The study of interregional integration problems is an actual national economic task for any country. The economic, technological, resource, financial, informational, and other types of the interaction between two or more regional actors determine the interregional integration. Many works of both foreign and Russian authors are devoted to the study of various aspects of interregional integration. But these work spaid little attention to the development of the research methods of the interregional integration as a complex system. This is necessary to substantiate management decisions that contribute to the effective integration. The purpose of the research was to develop a cognitive tool consisting of models, methods, software that allows to simulate the structure and behavior of a complex system. The task of this article was to present the developed cognitive tool, which complements the existing cognitive modeling schemes of the complex systems with fuzzy data processing methods, the calculation of the integral indicator of the interregional integration efficiency, the risk assessment of integration processes. Number of results of imitational cognitive modeling of interregional economic integration were present. The study was conducted on the information concerning the interregional relations in the Southern Russia. A brief description of the basic elements of the theory of cognitive modeling of complex systems, a detailed diagram of the stages of cognitive modeling of the interregional economic integration, an example of a cognitive model, examples of analysis of various properties of the system, and scenarios of situations on this model were presented in this article. The results of the computational experiment to determine the stability, allocation of paths and cycles of the model, pulse simulation scenarios are illustrated. Comparison of all the results of a computational experiment and their correlation with information on the interregional relations allows one to speak about the fact that the model data do not contradict the real data. So, the use of the cognitive tools allows one to increase the validity and consistency of management decisions aimed at ensuring the effective functioning of the system. These studies belong to the direction of "Artificial Intelligence" in the composition of the cognitive sciences and are intended for use in the creation of the intelligent decision support systems.
The results of comparative tests of the regrinding mill DR-500, the ball mill MShT 2700x3600 and the core mill MS 300x200operation with the regrinding of the sands of copper-pyrite middling’s under the conditions of the Urup mining and processing plant are presented. As a result of the tests, the relative grindability of copper-pyrite middling was established in the grinding regimen DR-500 according to the calculated grade, -0,074 mm = 0,86, and according to the calculated grade.-0.2 mm = 0.90. The hypothesis about the selective mechanism of the material destruction along the planes of the mineral fusion with the vein minerals of the host rock was confirmed. As a result of the comparative tests of the regrinding mill DR-500 and the core mill MS 300x200, the data were obtained for the extraction of copper into the concentrate: the core mill was 85.1%; 2,614 and grinding mill 89,67%; 2.403. The mineralogical study of the polished sections showed that the grains of the useful mineral when grinding in the mill for regrinding DR-500 are larger and better disclosed than when grinding in the rod mill MS 300x200. The comparative tests of the regrinding mill DR-500 and the MSC 2700x3600 mill in the closed cycle with hydrocyclone showed that the most effective circulation load of 207% for the DR-500 mill is achieved with water consumption of 1.46 t / h. In this case, the specific productivity of class, -0.074 mm and the content of this class in the grinding product have the maximum value. It was revealed that in order to obtain more fine grinding of ore in the DR-500 mill it is desirable to use a closed grinding cycle with classifying devices.
One of the basic industries development aspects is to increase the completeness of minerals extraction from the subsoil in the extraction of coal from thin and ultrathin layers. At the same time, the creation of modern efficient mining equipment for the development of lowpower coal seams is becoming one of the most important problems of coal production. The solution to this problem is possible by combining plow and combine technology with the differentiation of operating parameters of the excavators. In the present work, the idea of improving the efficiency of the dredging machine based on the use of technology of coal extraction in lava by vibration. The stages of the research included the development of a mathematical model of the functioning of the working body of the machine and determine the energy intensity of the destruction of rocks. It was found that the reduction in the specific energy intensity of the process of separation of minerals from the face can be achieved through the use of units that combine the advantages of treatment combines and plow plants. It is determined that the condition for the effective destruction of the coal mass is a mode of operation when the trajectory of the cleaver is not ahead of the path of the cutter. Working and dynamic parameters of the process and measurement of the load on the Executive body were determined at the experimental stand simulating the vibration effect on the array: the total power spent on the rock separation is in parabolic dependence on the feed rate of the excavation machine, and the effect of applying vibration effects on the destroyed face begins to affect significantly at a feed rate of more than 10 m / min; specific energy consumption for the separation of the whole are in quadratic dependence on the value of the ratio of the width of the whole to its height. The parameters of the working body are taken on the basis of the condition of ensuring a given performance at optimal grade and minimum energy consumption of destruction; vibration cutting of the working body of the dredging machine is effective if the oscillation amplitude of the working tool is greater than the maximum chip thickness separated by the cutting tool. The adequacy of the proposed mathematical model of the working body of the excavation machine is confirmed by bench studies of the efficiency of vibration cutting of minerals. Parameters of vibration exciters of radially directed vibrations of the working body are recommended for use in the development of design documentation of the excavation machine for use in the extraction of mineral raw materials and mining in the mining industry and related sectors of the economy.
During the reformation period, technical solutions are relevant, allowing to increase the level of production profitability in the current difficult economic conditions. In due time, North Ossetia met the needs of Russia and the USSR in lead completely and in zinc by 2/3. Not having the opportunity to revive the former rates of the mineral production, North Ossetia is developing a new direction for its hydrocarbon production. The proposed solutions are based on the works of professor Ostroushko IA, who proved the presence of metals in the host mineral resources as a mineral base for the development of innovative technologies. The aim of the study is to substantiate the possibility of restoring the economic potential of the region through the diversification of technologies for the development of hydrocarbon deposits and a tool to achieve the goal is the extraction of metals from the rocks containing oil and gas. Metals, more than fifty kinds of metals, are dissolved in oil. The presence of metals in the host rocks was confirmed by the method of furrow testing of the workings. The possibility of leaching metals from intact metal-bearing rocks is confirmed by the practice, for example, of the Kakadur-Khanikomskoye field (RSO-A). This phenomenon can be used for leaching oil and gas containing natural and man-made geological and man-made structures after the extraction of hydrocarbons from them. Using only the traditional oil production technology does not ensure the competitiveness of field exploitation and needs technological diversification, which consists of the production of a new commercial product - metals extracted from the walls of the voids formed by the extraction of hydrocarbons by leaching. The resulting value-added product increases the profitability and competitiveness of the main production. The mineral base of diversified production increases almost unlimited. The advantages of the method are its cost-effectiveness and the possibility of developing reserves that are inaccessible for traditional technology. The diversification option involves the extraction of oil and reagent leaching of metals in two stages. As oil is extracted, voids are formed, the collapse of the walls of which increases the permeability of the reagents into the micro cracks of the excavation walls rocks during leaching. The economic concept of diversifying the development of oil and gas fields is to combine the processes of obtaining the main and additional commercial products.
Analyzed the promising direction of implementation of the state plan for the extraction of coal in Vietnam largely depends on the efficiency of further industrial development of the potential of the Quang Ninh coal basin. An analysis of the limitations of the application of technologies, depending on the complexity of the mining geological and mining technological conditions of the Quang Ninh coal basin, is given. Analyzed the possibility and feasibility of using the room and pillar method based on the analysis of foreign experience in mining coal seams. An innovative technological scheme of highly efficient mining of medium thick inclined coal seams with a diagonal disposition of the line of face with the use of self-moving supports along articulated joints was proposed. A block diagram of the choice of mining method is based on the angle of dip classification of coal seams.
The thesis is put forward that the progress of Kazakhstan is connected, first of all, with the availability of natural resources; long-term practice, covering the complexity of management; development of protective mechanisms to defend national interests. Kazakhstan's experience in industrial and innovative development can be useful for developing countries, as it clearly shows how the transformation processes take into account the specifics of the country, its geopolitical position, traditions and mentality. Further development of the geological industry of Kazakhstan, the key criterion for the efficiency of which is the increase in proven mineral reserves, due to the intensification of production and increasing the depth of processing. Along with the improvement of geological and geophysical research, the economic side of geological exploration plays an important role. In light of the above, the article aims to substantiate the directions of improving the geological and economic assessment of the pyrite-copper-lead-zinc Deposit of Kusmuryn. Objectives: to show the effective steps of state regulation of the geological industry of Kazakhstan; to summarize the results of geological and economic assessment of the copperlead-zinc Deposit Kusmuryn; to justify the need to improve the geological and economic assessment of deposits in accordance with international standards and taking into account socio-economic, geological and geographical factors. Information and factual base of research-materials of the legislative and regulatory framework of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the results of scientific research of the field Kusmuryn, own calculations of the authors. The validity and reliability of the results are determined by comparative analysis, the use of reliable economic and geological information about the raw material base of Kazakhstan, the Kusmuryn Deposit, the use of a set of modern methods of scientific research, taking into account regional climatic and geological conditions. The results of geological and economic assessment of the Kusmuryn field can be attributed to the category of promising, in the medium term it is planned to enter the field of underground mining. In order to improve the geological and economic assessment of deposits proposed to deepen the feasibility study of permanent conditions, developed on the basis of materials already completed exploration, financial analysis. For the growth of scientific evidence of geological and economic assessment of mineral deposits and optimization of decisions on their further operation, specific indicators are proposed. In conclusion, the article shows how the planned effective measures of state regulation of the geological industry will affect the quality of exploration, their innovative component, and in general, the sustainability of regional development.
The purpose of the study is to identify the peculiarities of chemical elements migration in the system "soil – soil-forming rocks" in the regional geo – systems of the North Caucasus with the one type biological cycle and heterogeneous soilforming rocks. As the regional geo – systems are high-altitude geo – botanical zones of high-mountain, mid-mountain and low-mountain physical and geographical sub domains landscape of the northern slopes of the greater Caucasus. Research methods: The object of study is the regional structure of chemical elements migration which are considered on the example of two high-altitude zones of Labino-Teberda landscape district allocated in the Western Caucasus within the Elbrus-Kazbek Alpine sub domain. To determine the intensity of chemical elements migration in the high-altitude zones, the coefficient of radial differentiation R, reflecting the genetic relationship of the soil with the soil-forming rock was used. The allocation of par genetic associations of chemical elements with the same regional structures of migration between the soil and heterogeneous soil-forming rocks within the boundaries of the high-altitude zones of the LabinoTeberdinsky district was performed by the cluster analysis. On the basis of the available data on high-altitude zones of all landscape districts of the mountainous, mid-mountainous and low-mountainous sub domains of the northern slopes of the greater Caucasus, a comparison of the regional structures of chemical elements migration was carried out. Research results: In geo – systems of the regional level with the same type of biological cycle and non-uniform soilforming rocks the regional structure of chemical elements migration are formed. They represent a certain sequence in changing the element migration intensity between the soil and heterogeneous rocks within the boundaries of the highaltitude zone. Different intensity of radial migration depends on the number of mobile and strongly bound compounds of the chemical elements. Their formation occurs in the rocks and soils during the long course of complex processes of rocks weathering and soil formation with a complex combination of factors of internal and external chemical elements migration. Conclusions. In geo – systems with the same type of biological cycle and heterogeneous soil-forming rocks within the physical and geographical sub domains of the northern slopes of the greater Caucasus, the peculiarities of regional structures formation of chemical elements migration have been developed. In the mountainous and mid-mountainous sub-regions, moving from the Western to the Eastern Caucasus during the formation of regional structures of chemical elements migration, the role of the biogenic factor is weakening and the influence of the lithogenic factor is increasing. All over the low mountains and foothill plains sub-regions (in the Western, Central and Eastern Caucasus), the biogenic factor is of primary importance for the majority of chemical elements in the formation of the regional migration structures.
The purpose of this work was to evaluate the opportunities for production of a liquid organic fertilizer from the waste left after processing of alfalfa herbage, and its influence upon preservation of fertility in the black soils of the Ciscaucasian region. Methods. To produce the fertilizer, we used the phytomass of Medicago sativa ('Manychskaya' variety) grown as forage grass and mown during the budding stage and blooming stage beginning. Herbage was wet-fractionated (including disintegration and fractioning of alfalfa vegetative mass) and dehydrated by means of mechanical compression producing press cake and green juice used further for green protein concentrates. Brown juice also generated in the process was a by-product, which used to be considered a waste. In our studies, brown juice was employed as a raw material for production of a fertilizer for the fields where alfalfa herbage had been harvested. During the study of brown juice applicability, we assumed the volume corresponding to the brown juice amount gathered from a unit of area within a season to be the reference fertilizer application volume. Results. It was established that brown juice from alfalfa herbage contains material quantities of nitrogen, ash constituents, phosphorus, calcium, potassium, and other compounds necessary for their replenishment in soil and adequate nutrition of the plants cultivated there. During chemical analysis of soil composition, priority was focused on active forms of humus, phosphorus, potassium, and nitrogen as the components most readily available for plant nutrition and thus also acting as productivity indicators. Performed analysis demonstrated that the levels of chemical elements increased following fertilizer distribution due to the return of substances extracted with the gathered herbage reaching practically the same level as in the initial soil samples collected in the vegetation period beginning (typical productivity levels of black soils in the Ciscaucasian region). Fertilizer application while alfalfa was still growing resulted in herbage yield increase observed throughout 3 hay cuttings in comparison with the control plot. The method designed for complex utilization of vegetable resources allows to produce besides animal feeding stuff a liquid organic fertilizer minimizing soil depletion and maintaining its productive capacity.
Purpose. The work deals with the problem of minimizing the negative impact of the tailings of coal mining and processing on the ecosystems of the environment by optimizing the parameters of the construction and operation of the dumps. Methods. The object is achieved by a method of mathematical modeling aero – gas – dynamics processes based on the system of Reynolds equations in the flow of air masses of waste rock dumps. Results. The simulation parameters of aero – gas – dynamics processes in the flow of waste dumps of atmospheric flows were obtained using O. Reynolds equations describing the flow of the viscous, compressible heat-conductive gas in threedimensional formulation which consists of the basic conservation equations. On the basis of the simulation results the generalized geo – ecological model of technological periods of coal mining by underground method is formulated which is a matrix of the physical models of dust and gas pollutants emission processes in the environmental ecosystems and their mathematically formalized description. It is shown that the intensity of dusting rock dumps depends on a number of factors, the main of which are the dispersed composition, dust humidity, as well as the direction and speed of the wind. The analysis of the results of the computational experiment determined that during the transfer of the gas pollutant its concentration under wind action in the simulated space changes slightly. It was found that the intensity of dust deposition in the area of mines is determined by the value of the dust soaring rate and the value of the sedimentation coefficient. Summary. The territory of the studied mines is polluted mainly with lead. Calculation aero – gas – dynamics processes parameters of waste dumps flow on the basis of Reynolds equations in three-dimensional formulation gives correct results.
The Northern Caucasus that is characterized by moderate seismic activity refers to areas with high seismic hazard potential. In the process of investigation the Kolka glacier in 2002, it was found that the maximum earthquake effect for example in the mountainous regions of North Ossetia was reaching 10–11 points. Analysis of instrumental data shows that even within the same region, the intensity, duration, and predominant period of oscillations may vary. Moreover, it was later found out that the fault in the southern part of the city of Vladikavkaz, the capital of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, can be a source of a strong earthquake with a maximum expected magnitude of M = 7.1, which can form 9-10 points intensity values directly in densely populated city. This circumstance should be taken into account in seismic design and practical construction. Seismic safety is the basis for the sustainable development of mountain areas. In conditions of moderate seismic activity, when there are practically no records of strong motions in the area of interest, different models of generating synthetic accelerograms are used. One of the methods is a stochastic one based on probabilistic models taking into account regional features of earthquake sources. To simulate the effects, a quasi-stationary or amplitude-nonstationary model is used. Components of the seismic action are represented as a product of a stationary random function and a deterministic envelope. Synthetic accelerograms were obtained for the most dangerous for the territory of the city of Vladikavkaz city seismic zones. Curves of the dynamicity coefficient and the corresponding envelope were constructed, taking into account the particular locations of the sources of possible earthquakes on the investigated territory, accounting for which will increase the safety of the population. In the interval of periods T = 0.1–0.4 s expected seismic effect is 1.6 times higher than the standard curve of the dynamic coefficient. for average values, the excess is 1.3, in the interval of periods T = 0.4–2.0, the calculated maximum values are within the calculated curve. For the first time, a regional dynamic curve was obtained which can be successfully used in earthquake-proof design and practical construction.
ISSN 1998-4502 (Print) ISSN 2499-975Х (Online)