Questions of development of agrarian manufacture of mountain territories are considered. Inventory of the technique and the economic estimation of agricultural grounds is offered. The routing materials researches of some mountain gorges in Republic North Ossetia invaluable and not used grounds, by a total area of 1189 hectares recommended for transformation in arable fund are revealed. Questions of creation of terraces, strip placing of field cultures and application of fertilizers in the conditions of an agriculture city board of education were studied. It is established that spatial alternation of various cultures in biology essentially reduces the sizes of erosion. The system calculated on full absorption of a superficial drain and washout of soil is created. Application of fertilizers allows to raise efficiency field cultures by 20-60%. The estimation of efficiency of application of mineral and organic fertilizers is spent.
The article deals with the research of clastogenic effects of heavy metals (Cd, Pb, Zn) and the possibility of their correction with the help of phytococtails “Biorhythm-E” and “Biorhythm – R”, containing vegetative adaptogens.
The article investigates the modern problems of the sustainable development of the mountain territories. Special attention is given to the social, economic and ecological problems. According to the analysis of statistics the conclusion that the mountain territories of the North Ossetia are being depopulated is made.
Mountainous and foothill landscapes of northern slope of the West and Central Caucasus are characterized by a variety of natural resources used in the recreational purposes. Their most important peculiarities are fragmentariness of resources' location, fragility of mountainous ecological systems, inaccessibility raised danger of occurring of extreme situations, etc. Therefore the complicated ecological situation, which may sharpen in connection with technological loads, objectively connected with the beginning of the large-scale company on construction of Olympic objects here is important and in perspective - limiting the development of recreational facilities problem. The work characterizes the recreational resources of the region and the main forms of their ecological degradation. The modernization in prospect of infrastructure of the branch must be preceded by working-out a concept of ecological monitoring, founded on scientific approach to setting links between the forms, intensity recreational influence and transformation of the natural complex.
The article proves the techno genesis affect on the North Caucasian region ecology. The ecological situation formation sources around the mining production operation are revealed. The interactions of main factors contaminating the environment during the naturalterritorial complex operation with the mining industry are stressed.
The work includes the results of long-term investigations of certain ecosystems components in mountain regions of KCHR (hydrothermal indicators of climate, flowing of mountain rivers, glaciers, dynamics of vegetation, nature management and other aspects). Valuable materials of the North-Caucasus's Department of hydro-meteorological service and monitoring of the environment were used. The population inquires in KCHR was carried out with the consequent analysis of modern social and ecological situation in the given region; all the taken steps allowed to evaluate current changes in mountain nature- territorial areas and to determine the concepts of the steady development. In the last years the work was carried out with the moneyed assistance of RHSF (Russian Humanitarian Science Fund) №149-07/0723 and RFFI (Russian Fund of Fundamental Investigations) №08-0837/01. The represented materials may be of use for geo-ecologists, geographers, nature management individuals, managers and for nature-lovers.
The test-methodological studies' results of the biogeochemical indication peculiarities by means of the various genetic type plants of the tin-ore mineralization on the forest zone of the Far East South are presented. The biogeochemical orioles of the tin dissipation in the plants are proved to appear at cassiterite (the main tin mineral) deposits. The tin concentrations in the plant bodies and parts are stated depending on the tin-ore mineralization genetic type.
Tashkent geodynamic test-plant is one of the several geodynamic test-plants where the systematic geodesic studies of the earth crush vertical movements are carried out. The map shows the structure of the modern tectonic movements in Tashkent and its suburbs.
Time history of several meteorological event characteristics from 1950s up to the present - average monthly and annual atmospheric temperatures, average monthly and annual storm day count and annual storm day count, rainfall, glacier melting intensity and closely connected mudflow activity is shown in this work. Observed meteorological data from weather stations Terskol, Cheget, Kislovodsk and others (some 80 weather stations), longterm glaciation dynamics observational data, time-continuous and hence unique mud-flowing chronological data for the Central Caucasus region being collected for more than 50 years, was analyzed.
The article is devoted to design of highways and rope hoists in the mountain settlements. Algorithm presentation of economic calculations has been developed. On the basis of these methods the optimum version may be selected.
ISSN 1998-4502 (Print) ISSN 2499-975Х (Online)