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Published on 15 November 2022

Development of a hybrid model for predicting the consumption of electrical energy for a mining and metallurgical enterprise

Svetlana A. Vyalkova, Angelika D. Morgoeva, Oksana A. Gavrina

Introduction. Reducing the energy intensity of production is one of the directions of development of enterprises, regions, states, as it affects the level of economic development and environmental well-being. One of the methods that contribute to the rationalization of the use of electric energy is forecasting. The purpose of the study is to develop a model for forecasting electricity consumption, which allows obtaining a reliable forecast of electricity consumption. To achieve this goal, an analysis of literary sources reflecting the current trends of predictive analytics in solving the problem of forecasting electricity consumption was carried out. Materials and methods of research. Singular spectral analysis and deep learning algorithms (multilayer perceptron) were used in the work. At the initial stage of the study, a model of a fully connected neural network (multilayer perceptron) was built, the prediction accuracy of which was more than 94%. Then the algorithm of singular spectral analysis was implemented, and the initial time series of power consumption was decomposed into additive components. The resulting decompositions were used to create a hybrid forecasting model. Research results. A number of experimental studies have been conducted that meet the goal of developing models that most accurately approximate experimental data. The result of the study are two forecasting models: an artificial neural network model and a hybrid model that includes a singular spectral analysis to decompose a number of power consumption into trend and harmonic components and an artificial neural network to predict them. Discussion. With the help of the hybrid model, an accurate result was obtained – the average absolute percentage error for the year is 4.04%. Forecasting was carried out for a year (by months) using data from the previous two years as a training subset. The neural network model provides less accuracy in predicting power consumption over 12 months compared to the hybrid model. Conclusion. Thus, the use of singular spectral analysis made it possible to reduce the magnitude of the forecast error by almost 1%, which confirms the effectiveness of the method and the relevance of the development of hybrid forecasting models. Resume. As a result of the conducted research, it was revealed that one of the most popular and effective forecasting methods is singular spectral analysis and the use of various deep learning algorithms. The developed hybrid model of electric energy consumption for a mining and metallurgical enterprise allows you to build a forecast of electricity consumption, the accuracy of which is more than 95%. Suggestions for practical application and directions for future research. The research results can be useful in the process of production management, since an accurate forecast of electricity consumption is important when planning production, scheduling equipment repairs and maintenance of the electrical network. The prospect of further research is to increase the forecasting horizon, the volume of the initial sample and taking into account additional factors characterizing the technological process.

CityNovocherkassk, Vladikavkaz
UDC004.852, 004.67
Issue2022, № 3 (Т. 14)
Key wordsmining and metallurgical enterprise, power consumption, forecasting, hybrid model, singular spectrum analysis, artificial neural network.
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Tags: прогнозирование, электропотребление, горно-металлургическое предприятие, гибридная модель, сингулярный спектральный анализ, искусственная нейронная сеть.

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ISSN 1998-4502 (Print)                                                            ISSN 2499-975Х (Online)