Published on 15 October 2015
The study of various groups of landscapes completed in their classification, which allows theoretically to comprehend and summarise the patterns of development, structure, operation, placement landscapes. Mountain structure of the greater Caucasus is characterized by a great diversity of natural landscapes. It is composed of sedimentary rocks are Paleogene, Neogene, Cretaceous, Jurassic age. The Northern slope of the Central Caucasus is an edge of the Ciscaucasian plates involved in the latest uplifting. Here are traced the Hercynian folded structures. Delays in raising of mountains or their weakening has led to the development of Mature topography and the formation of surfaces alignment. The Neogene-Quaternary uplift and cooling of climate in the Northern hemisphere led to the development of the greater Caucasus mountain glaciers. That led to the emergence of distinct forms of mountain-glacial relief – a sharp, serrated crests, karlingi, cart, trough valleys, and so on. the Main reason is the mountainous nature of the terrain leading to the existence of a vertical zonality of all the elements and components of nature.
Categories: Articles, Geo-ecological,-Recreational-and-Biomedical-Issues-of-SDMT
Tags: Большой Кавказ, ландшафт, Центральный Кавказ, куэсты, моноклинали, Скалистый хребет.
ISSN 1998-4502 (Print) ISSN 2499-975Х (Online)