Published on 12 January 2018
Purpose. Very limited number of research works on sustainable development in Russia deals with its political dimension, and still less number of works interprets respective issues on regional level. This article attempts to substantiate the necessity of purposeful analysis of political form and modes of political action most relevant for institutionalization of sustainable regional development.
Methods. The methodology of research is based on relating the concepts of political theory to systemic representation of socio-ecological-economic sustainability as well to activity interpretation and cognitive analysis of the problems of sustainable development.
Results. In a perspective of systematic approach the sustainable development represents a function of society as a conscious subject, which is able to control and regulate its relations with environment. The political realm mediates transition to sustainable development, because it affects society as a whole and implies deep restructuring of its guiding principles. Specific feature of sustainable development policy is its dependence on cognitive aspects – modes of acquisition and effectuating of knowledge relevant for successful political action. Variability and complexity of the related factors makes it necessary to mobilize the knowledge of all the members of respective society. The most adequate to this end mechanisms were developed within self–governing democratic societies. But sustainable development policy highlights the significance of “deliberative democracy”, which lays emphasis on the centrality for democratic practices not as a single act of voting but as the preceding it public deliberation, discussions and agreement on the most effective solutions of the problems of sustainable development. Within complex, plural societies, such as Russia, the advance towards the goals of sustainable development as well as the effect of impeding factors of unsustainability are developing in the realm of “center-periphery” relations. The core issues are related here to the authority and resources at the disposal of regions and to the question as if they are the bearers of their own political will or not.
Conclusions: As to the modern Russia and its regions, all of this leads to conclusion that to put seriously the tasks of transition to sustainable development means as well to put seriously the tasks of transition to effective democracy both at federal and regional levels.
Tags: Россия; устойчивое развитие; системный подход; ког
ISSN 1998-4502 (Print) ISSN 2499-975Х (Online)