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Published on 17 February 2022

TERRITORY OF GORNY ALTAI: RESEARCH AND ANALYSIS NATURAL RECREATION POTENTIAL

Matvey S. Oborin, Madina V. Alikaeva

The attractiveness of the Gorny Altai territory for the development of tourism is due to the presence of rich natural resources, a developed system of recreational and health-improving programs, interesting mountain reliefs and the beauty of the region. The intensity of tourism development and the high multiplier effect of income and employment become the basis for presenting tourism as the basis for sustainable development of entire territories, which is impossible without sustainable management of the recreational nature. In this regard, research and analysis of the natural and recreational potential of the territory of mountainous Altai are of particular importance. The purpose of the study is to determine the recreational and functional zones of the Altai Territory and the main directions of their further development, taking into account the peculiarities of the geographical location and climatic factors of the Altai Mountains for the sustainable development of this territory as a resort and recreational zone. Materials and research methods. The research methodology is based on fundamental works on the management of sustainable development of recreational areas, as well as on the works of modern domestic and foreign scientists studying the problems of tourism development in the regions of Russia and in the world. In the course of the research, general scientific methods and approaches were applied: abstraction, analysis and synthesis, logical method; systems approach. Research results and discussion. For the effective and sustainable development of the tourist areas of Altai Mountains, it is necessary to adhere to the following principles: consistency, territoriality and management. Taking into account the specifics of the Altai mountainous territory, the principle of consistency includes the following measures: opening of platforms for monitoring and control of the natural environment; determination of the optimal recreational load; an inventory of unique natural monuments and cultural and historical monuments of the region; execution of documents containing a complete list of tourist resources and organizations of the regions. The principle of management, taking into account the specifics of the territory, includes: the zoning method, with the help of which the composition of environmental, recreational, economic zones, their boundaries, and regimes is determined; joint activities with adjacent specially protected natural areas. The principle of territoriality, taking into account the specifics of the territory, is based on the implementation of the diversification of the tourist product in the territory, which is one of the effective directions for the sustainable development of the territory. The strategically priority directions of the long-term socio-economic development of Altai are the development of tourism and the health resort complex. Conclusion. The successful development of recreational and functional zones of the Altai Territory largely depends on the interaction and support of the state, tourist organizations, international conventions, and scientific communities.

CityPerm, Nalchik
CountryRussia
UDC502(571.15)
Issue2021, № 4 (Т. 13)
Key wordsrecreational nature management, potential, natural resources, tourism, climatic resources, recreational resources, territorial organization.
Number of views (567)

Categories: Articles

Tags: туризм, рекреационное природопользование, потенциал, природные ресурсы, климатические ресурсы, рекреационные ресурсы, территориальная организация.

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ISSN 1998-4502 (Print)                                                            ISSN 2499-975Х (Online)